3100 West Adams Boulevard


While the Gold Rush drew Vermont-born Ozro William Childs west, his great success came after settling in nascent Los Angeles, where he arrived eight weeks before January 18, 1851, the day he was enumerated—occupation, miner—in the first federal census after California's admission to the Union on September 9, 1850. The proceeds of a mercantile venture and a nursery business in his new home—as well as from introducing the honeybee to Southern California in 1855—got Childs started, but it was the acreage south of the settled area with which he was paid after having been given the contract to extend the water-bearing zanja in that direction that made his fortune. He became a banker, partnering with, among others, Isaias Hellman in forming the Farmers and Merchants Bank (which eventually became part of the current Bank of America); he also invested in more land toward Adams Street, eventually donating property to help found U.S.C. in 1880. Leaving his wife, née Emeline Huber, and six children, he died at age 65 on April 17, 1890, after which the family continued to be much involved together in Los Angeles real estate.

The first Ozro Childs estate was on his stake well south of what
in the 1850s was the center of Los Angeles. The big Italianate house
he later built there, addressed 1011 South Main Street—later renumbered
1111—was near the center of a parcel bounded by today's Main, Hill, Eleventh,
and Twelfth streets. Mrs. Childs remained here until moving to her new house at
the southwest corner of Adams and Arlington in 1902. The Main Street house as seen
above was remodeled in 1889; in the fall of 1905, 1111 became the fashionable
Huntington Hall, a school for girls, which moved to South Pasadena in the fall of
1911. The old Childs house was demolished in the spring of 1913 amid
a massive redevelopment project, with Broadway now being driven
south through the block. Below: Ozro and Emeline Childs, 1859.

In 1902, Emeline Childs commissioned Frederick L. Roehrig to build a big modern Colonial house on a large tract she had acquired at the southwest corner of Adams and Arlington streets. It was initially designated as 2300 West Adams Street, the number altered circa 1912 in accordance with citywide address alterations and street-name changes resulting from various annexations. The south side of Adams west from Manhattan Place, at the top of a slope in an extension of old West Adams beyond the city limits, had become an estate area, with large, set-back houses from which there were spectacular southerly views. The neighborhood had begun to decline even before Mrs. Childs died at home on September 24, 1935, although her house would last another 43 years. Its stables were demolished in 1945 after 3100 became the home of the Children's Home Society; when the house itself came down in March 1978, there were reverberations of the demolition of the Richfield Building nine years earlier, stirring some to action in theretofore preservation-averse Los Angeles—that year, in response to threats to demolish no less than the Los Angeles Central Library, the Los Angeles Conservancy was formed. For urban archaeologists, at least some of the perimeter wall of 3100 West Adams remains. The views seen here give an idea of the scale of the largest West Adams houses, not mere suburban residences, but indeed estates whose owners might have chosen Beverly Hills or Bel-Air had they built in the 1920s instead of a few decades earlier.

Latter Days: According to the Children's Home Society,
"The start of World War II brought in even more homeless
children, prompting CHS to expand by purchasing 'The Big White

House'.” The relative age of the view below can be gauged by
the 1953 Chevrolet near the house's southeast corner.

One of the loveliest houses ever built in Los Angeles appeared in the television series Perry Mason
in "The Case of the Fraudulent Foto," which first aired on CBS on February 7, 1959.

A remnant of the Childs property can be
seen today—the photograph below was taken
in June 2012—running west on the south side
of Adams Boulevard from Arlington Avenue.


In a northerly view taken before 1945, Mrs. Childs's big house and its stable
and water tower are at bottom, left of center. Her son Stephen V. Childs built his
own home, also in 1902, at the northeast corner of Adams and Second Avenue, seen
through trees above the tower; his 3125 West Adams would be demolished 15
years before 3100. Below: A detail from the 1907 Sanborn Insurance Map.

Illustrations: Private Collection; LAPLChildren's Home Society of California;
Ancestry; CBS; Library of Congress; Google Street View